The Four Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injuries

Whether mild or severe, any brain injury is a cause for concern and should be addressed as soon as possible. While some brain injuries are lower-risk, such as a concussion, and the patient could fully recover, others can pose more serious, long-term issues. Read on to learn more about TBIs and how they affect the brain.

  1. Intracranial Hematomas

When a blood vessel ruptures and blood pools around the brain tissue, it can lead to the following types of hematomas:

  • Epidural hematoma - blood clots underneath the skull but outside of the brain and the thick membrane of connective tissue around the brain known as the dura mater.
  • Subdural hematoma - blood clots between the brain and the dura mater.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage - bleeding within the dura mater layers, under the arachnoid layer. (the arachnoid layer is a membrane that loosely covers the brain and has a web-like appearance.)
  • Intracerebral hematoma - Bleeding within the brain tissue caused by a blood vessel rupture in the brain.
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage - Bleeding into the brain ventricles.
  1. Skull Fractures

Skull fractures can lead to infections in the brain and can come in the following forms:

  • Linear skull fracture - a break that looks like a thin line or cracks.
  • Depressed skull fracture - a break-in or crush on any part of the skull.
  • Basilar skull fracture - a break in the bone in the skull base, causing cerebral spinal fluid leaks.
  1. Brain Contusions

Brain contusions are bruises of the brain tissue and can come in three different forms:

  • Coup - bruises on the brain tissue located directly below the impact site.
  • Contrecoup - bruises on the brain tissue that affect the side of the brain on the opposite side of impact.
  • Coup-contrecoup - bruises on the brain tissue that affect both sides of the brain. This is the most serious of the three types of brain contusions.
  1. Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)

DAIs typically happen through rapid acceleration and deceleration of the brain inside the skull's hard bone. This motion causes severing or shearing of connecting fibers in the brain, known as axons.

Suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury? Rosenberg & Rosenberg, P.A. Can Help.

Sustaining a traumatic brain injury after being involved in an accident that wasn't your fault is a devastating event. Not knowing where to turn for help can make it that much more daunting. Know that you are not alone, and our personal injury attorneys are here for you. We have helped countless Floridians seek justice after being involved in an accident, helped them recover and receive the compensation they deserve.

You shouldn't have to pay for someone else's negligence out of your own pocket. Our team of skilled attorneys is prepared to take on your case and relieve your burdens so you can focus on healing from your injury.

Contact Rosenberg & Rosenberg, P.A. today at (888) 499-6206 to schedule a free consultation.

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